Why sculpture is an expensive pleasure
Each sculpture created by the author is unique
The specific work sculpted by the sculptor can only be had by the customer. Only your interior or exterior, yard or garden can be decorated and you will be the owner of specific handmade works. Creating a sculpture requires muse, inspiration, mood, imagination thinking. The author is spent to the end because it is an opportunity to convey what he has to say. Sculptors are able to create an image of clay, stone, metal and many other materials, or anything of value, which will further delight other people, give aesthetic pleasure. This is the essence of fine arts. From ancient times the people used this field of art to decorate temples, palaces, gardens, squares and other places. Unfortunately, today this field of fine arts is in the shadows. In the age of digital technologies, sculpture is no longer as attractive and interesting to the public as in previous centuries. This field of art seems to be asleep. Nobody promotes sculptures, no matter how many squares, gardens, squares, interiors or exteriors are decorated by the creations of talented sculptors. After all, the fruit of their creativity raises the positive mood of people, which is a prerequisite for success in daily activities and business.
So, back to the topic. Why sculpting is a long process. To create the sculpture, the author called It starts working in the initial soft material, ie clay, plasticine, candle. After the sculpture is finished, the work should be cast in a transitional solid material, plaster. To do this, the statue is made of a piece of plaster or so-called. Black mold. Fabric molding is done if several copies are to be cast. Such a mold disintegrates and is formed without damage. In other cases, a black mold is obtained, which must be removed after the plaster is cast and fixed in the mold. The mold is thoroughly coated with a special grease to prevent diffusion of the gypsum mold and the gypsum embedded in it during further separation or breaking. The plaster sculpture is cleaned, processed by the author. Sometimes in the case of complex shapes special silicone material is used to achieve a better quality of the mold impression. To correct the finished mold, make adjustments using the same plaster.
After that, it is decided in advance in what material the sculpture should be made in finished form.
It is possible to carve a stone both with the eyes of a master and with a special device called a Leonardo frame, which is used to make a copy. Invented by one of the greatest scientists and artists of the Renaissance era, this range is still very popular among sculptors. Leonardo’s frame allows a plaster sculpture to be turned into stone with ideal precision, which is certainly a long and time-consuming process that requires care, attention and diligence. The selection of the stone itself is also an important process. The stone should not have cracks, as breaking any part of the sculpture in the middle of the work can lead to a crash, which is tantamount to crashing and the labor or expense done before will be thrown into the water. The best stone material for sculpture is of course white marble. High quality Italian or Greek white marble is quite expensive. Sculptors often use other stones as well, and not only because of the high cost of white marble, but also because different sculptures may require different stones. No less important is the selection of the shape and material of the pedestal. It is an integral part of the whole composition. During the execution of large projects, architects are involved in the process with the sculptor, who create an idea of what the finished look of the project will look like.
Plaster sculpture can also be finished in other materials, such as bronze.
It is quite a long and expensive process. There are several methods of casting in bronze. If the composition is small in size, then candle casting is better for more accuracy. To do this, we have to take a piece of plaster mold from the statue, but we have to put a candle in the mold. The candle statue should be made of candle air and candle insert. The candle sculpture should then be gradually covered with a special refractory plaster and cement-like material and reinforced for solidity around it, as the mold will not crack or collapse during casting in bronze which will cause the molten metal to leak out and will not be really safe. After hardening we have a form in which there is a candle. Therefore, using a specially designed oven that operates at 300-400 degrees, the candle must be extruded. After drying, the form remains in the oven until completely dry. The form should not contain water, because during the casting of bronze it is possible to weld metal, firing sprays, which negatively affects the safety and quality of the mold. The next stage is the smelting of bronze. Another high temperature oven is already needed here. In it, using a graphite crucible at about 1200 degrees, the bronze melts in a few hours. Then, using a lever and a crane, a tray full of bronze is removed from the oven and placed in a form. The process requires special attention and observance of safety norms, in which 3 people participate. After the cooling process is completed, the form is broken with a hammer, and a bronze mold appears inside. The sculpture is cleaned using various tools and mounted on a pedestal.
The second method is also quite time consuming and time consuming. If the sculpture is large in size, casting it in the form of a candle creates various difficulties, which can not only affect the quality, but in some cases even be impossible. The large sculpture is cut into several parts and then assembled using welding and other technologies. The mold is made from a mixture of technologically processed quartzite sand, acid and a special binding viscous liquid obtained by mass. The mold should be multi-cut so that it can be easily disassembled and assembled without damage. After forming, the inside of the mold must be made of so-called. The filler mass, which will be about 7-8 mm away from the formwork and with special precision, the steel brackets should be hung inside the formwork so as not to touch the formwork wall as it will then be evenly filled with bronze everywhere. Making such a filler requires special skills, as it depends on the final thickness and weight of the sculpture, which is quite important during the assembly and installation of a large volume of sculpture. The form must follow the rules of the airs. Otherwise the gases generated during the casting of the bronze will not be able to get out of the mold and the metal will be welded, after which a time-consuming process with expensive materials will have to be carried out again. The casting of the bronze in the form is done in the same way, using the same furnace, and the subsequent process is similar to that of the candle casting.
Moving sculpture from plaster to solid material is possible using new, modern, non-traditional materials.
For example using 20% polyester binder and 80% marble dust. This method has enjoyed great success in the fields of modern sculpture and industrial use. Such a material is not inferior to, for example, natural stone in strength and other properties, but is often even better in durability. The sculpture created with this material is visually very beautiful and looks like marble. This method was not used in antiquity or the medieval Renaissance due to the lack of material. With the development of modern technology has emerged such an opportunity, which has recently become increasingly popular for the creation of modern sculptures. The casting process is similar to the plaster casting method at first glance, as it is necessary to take the mold here as well, but it is a technologically much more complicated process. Various expensive materials are used, multi-component polyester, special shaped silicone viscous two-component liquid, synthetic reinforcement, etc. It is also possible to change the color using pigments.
Here’s a general description of why sculpture is not cheap. In addition to the high cost of materials the sculptor spends enormous mental and physical resources. Remuneration is not always adequate, but for a sculptor Kveladze the main thing is the opportunity to do a favorite job. Enthusiasm is the main driving factor, because for every order for the sculptor it is already a reward, a celebration, a creative opportunity to create something new that may delight future generations with the charm of fine art.
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